Research-based Academic Writing – Third Generation Ethnic Language Maintenance

The objective of this thesis was to determine the factors integral to maintaining ethnic languages into the third generation

DESCRIPTION:
Literature Review Extract from an M.A. thesis

TITLE:
Third Generation Ethnic Language Maintenance

OBJECTIVE:
To determine the factors integral to maintaining ethnic languages into the third generation

SOURCE:
Ethnographic research/interviews

Writing Type
Thesis
STATUS
Published
Time Frame
12mths
Word Count
80,00

EXTRACT:
In Smolicz’s view (1981), individuals develop a ‘personal cultural system’ which they organise to suit their own particular situations and needs. This is particularly true of individuals who are physically able to blend into the dominant group. This has the effect of reducing the degree of possible negative categorisation of the minority group member by members of the dominant group. It also tends to extend the number of choices a minority group member can make regarding group membership, that is, they are not inextricably tied to what Fishman (1977) describes as their inheritance or paternity. In order to explain the differentials in LM rates between the various languages, Clyne addresses the ‘core-value theory’ developed by Smolicz in his analysis of the language questions in the 1986 Australian Census. He concludes that cultural similarity facilitates LS (Clyne 1991a).

LM: language maintenance. LS: language shift. Out-group: dominant language group (English).

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